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History
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Module 3 Lesson 1
Hello, guys! This week we're revising narrative tenses in English, thus we neeed… interesting narrations!
So we will discuss some mysteries and mystifications… and probably… you have a personal story to scare our brains off?
1. Reading
1.1 Read the article and find the story where:

A. A part of animal's body was used to make false evidence.

B. People were craving for a breakthrough farming technique.

C. The media turned people in panic.

D. A clever marketing trick employed a national symbol.
Answer key
A. story 3

B. story 1

C. story 2

D. story 4
The Most Famous Hoaxes
that Fooled the World
material source: https://allthatsinteresting.com
Story 1
The BBC has always been known for its highly reputable broadcasts. So it hit that much harder when, in 1957, the BBC crafted a hilarious April Fool's Day broadcast in which they showed a family in southern Switzerland reaping fresh noodles from the family spaghetti tree.

As unbelievable as it sounds now, spaghetti was, at the time, foreign to most UK residents, and many had no idea the delectable noodles were simply made of flour and water.

After the three-minute broadcast aired, the BBC was contacted by scores of viewers who wanted to know how to obtain or grow their own spaghetti tree. It was estimated that 8 million people watched the broadcast the day it aired, making it one of the most widespread famous hoaxes in broadcasting history.

Story 2
On October 30, 1938, Orson Welles' all too realistic radio adaptation of H.G. Wells' novel The War of the Worlds — staged as if it was an actual radio report of an alien invasion in progress — created a nationwide panic.

In between bouts of music, various "breaking news" announcements reported visible explosions on Mars, then a spaceship landing in Grover's Mill, New Jersey, and finally Martians terrorizing New Jersey and New York City.

Stricken with fear, New Jersey locals went into a panic, with some even packing the highways to make an escape.

Two-thirds of the way through the broadcast, the intermission announcement reminded listeners that the broadcast was fictional, but the damage was done. Although it was never intended to be a hoax at all, the resulting panic led "The War of the Worlds" broadcast to become one of history's most famous hoaxes.

Story 3
While purported sightings of the strange aquatic beast dwelling in a lake in the Scottish highlands go back to the sixth century, the modern Loch Ness monster craze as we know it started in 1933 when a couple claimed to have seen a 25-foot creature in the lake.

Later that year, the Daily Mail hired hunter Marmaduke Wetherell to track down and find the monster. He came back with evidence of footprints, but he was later discovered to have made them fraudulently with a dried hippo's foot.

Still, months later in April of 1934, a British doctor named Robert Wilson came forward with photographic evidence of the mysterious monster. One of his photos in particular (above) has become the most enduring basis of the Loch Ness Monster mythology.

And it wasn't until 1994 that Wetherell's son-in-law, Christian Spurling, confessed to the hoax. Spurling, Wetherell, Wilson, and an accomplice named Maurice Chamber plotted the entire thing, outfitting a toy submarine with a sea-serpent head.

Story 4
Taco Bell kicked "creative marketing" up a notch with a clever April Fool's Day hoax in 1996.

The New York Times, The Washington Post, The Chicago Tribune, and other major American newspapers all featured a full-page ad announcing that the fast food chain had bought the Liberty Bell to settle some of the nation's debt. The ad then proclaimed that the bell would, from that point forward, be referred to as the "Taco Liberty Bell."

Even before the clock struck noon, when Taco Bell revealed the truth, thousands of worried Americans had called both Taco Bell headquarters and the National Park Service to find out if the Bell had really been sold.
2. Video
Watch the video again and write the information into two columns:

What was depicted in the fake photo --- How/under what circumstances the photo was made.
Have you completed the lesson?
That's all for today. I hope, You managed to enrich Your knowledge of the human past and to have some fun as well!
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