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Unit 3
Charity
3.1 Raising Money
altruism – the principle or practice of concern for the welfare of others
contribute – contribution
donate – donation
generosity – generous
homeless
orphan – orphanage
philanthropy – the desire to promote the welfare of others
street children – a term for children experiencing homelessness
fund-raising
volunteer
disaster
disability – disabled
poverty
benefactor – a person who gives money or other help to a person or cause
thrift shop
soup kitchen – a place where food is offered to the hungry, usually for free
Phrasal verbs:
to give away – to provide someone with something you no longer need for free
to set aside – to designate some money for something specific in the future
to bring up – to raise children
to turn down – to reject
to come up with – to contribute (suggestion, money)
Idioms:
to dig deep – to make a lot of effort with all one's resources
change of heart – change from negative to positive
charity begins at home – first help the needy in your community, then help others
to cross someone's path – to meet somebody unexpectedly
a helping hand – assistance with a task or a person who provides such assistance
1
Lets test your vocabulary.
Fill in the gaps with appropriate words/word combinations.
Start test
Now he seems friendly toward us. Has he had __________?
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If you want to help the poor, remember that charity begins at ______.
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Last week I ______ blood to the Red Cross for the victims of the earthquake.
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You've been such a _______ with this dinner, I couldn't have done it without you!
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With the help of a rich ______ he set up a charity.
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Have you set _____ some money for your child's education?
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The army rejected Tom because of a physical ______.
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We're in big trouble if we don't _______ the money by 6 o'clock.
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________ is often composed of vintage t-shirts, flannel lumberjack shirts, and worn and torn jeans.
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The civil war is making _______ of many children.
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Look through the words again, please.
Restart
Not bad!
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Nice:)
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Good)))
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Cool:)
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2
Watch the video about some charity organisations you can donate to.
3
Creative writing: use your active vocabulary when answering the questions (3-4 sentences), please.
1. Would you like to donate to a charity? Why/why not?

2. What type of charity organisations do you consider the most important? Give some examples.

3. What are the most known Ukrainian charities? What are their main goals?

Have you completed the lesson?
3.2 Society
antisocial – refers to a person who is harmful or hostile to others
social exclusion – refers to the alienation of certain people within a society
minority
elderly
youth (adolescents)
social class
gender role
domestic violence

slum – a district of a city that is marked by poverty
hospitality – the friendly and generous reception
group identity – refers to a person's sense of belonging to a particular group
social work – work carried out by trained personnel with the aim of improving the conditions of those in need
citizenship
personal values
sympathy
Phrasal verbs:
to get around – to find a way of dealing with problem or of avoiding it
to cheer on – to support someone by giving them words of encouragement.
to fall out with – to have an argument with somebody
to hold back – to stop yourself from saying something
to ask after – to ask for news about someone
Idioms:
to break the ice – to start communicating
cost an arm and a leg – refers to something expensive
Rome was not built in a day – you cannot expect to achieve important things in a short period of time
pillar of society – one who is particularly active and influential member of one's local sphere
to go from rags to riches – to go from being poor to having a lot of money
1
Lets test your vocabulary.
Fill in the gaps with appropriate words/word combinations.
Start test
Some people know all the different ways to ________ tax laws.
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No matter what, he simply refuses to socialize with other people. He is a typical example of a(n) ______ person.
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Even though Samantha was in the last place, her brother _______ her ___ through the entire race.
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Just as ___________ in one day, you are not going to pass this exam by studying for just one day.
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In the United States, non-Hispanic Whites constitute the majority and all other racial and ethnic groups are classified as _______.
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I don't want to _______ you, but the way you conduct yourself just drives me mad.
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People from different _________ and walks of life should be treated equally.
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Despite being born in a poor family, she managed to become successful. She basically went _____________.
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Gender is an important social ______ principle, resulting in gender-based discrimination.
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I don't have much _______ for her, I think she's brought her trouble on herself.
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Look through the words again, please.
Restart
Not bad!
Restart
Nice:)
Restart
Good)))
Restart
Cool:)
Restart
2
Watch the video of Marianne Cantwell's speech on the hidden power of not fitting in.
3
Creative writing: use your active vocabulary when answering the questions (3-4 sentences), please.
1. Is it that important to focus on one and only thing (subject, field of studies etc.) in order to fit in the society?

2. "Human nature is not black and white, it is black and grey". Do you agree with this quote? How do you understand it?

3. Would you sacrifice your personality and become a more ordinary person in order to achieve some kind of material success? Is it difficult to find balance between these two points?
Have you completed the lesson?
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