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Unit 6
Immigration
6.1 Countries
sovereign country – a country that is independent and able to make its own laws
surrender – stop resisting to an enemy or opponent and submit to their authority
immigration – the act of entering a country to live there
emigration – the act of leaving a country to settle elsewhere
immigrant – someone who leaves their homeland to settle somewhere else
legal immigrant – someone who goes through the correct legal procedure to live and work in a country
refugee – a person who flees from a place to escape danger or persecution

persecution – the subjecting of certain people so cruel or unfair treatment because of their ethnic origin or religious beliefs
quota system – governmental regulation which allows a limited number of immigrants per year
deportation – act of forcing a foreign national to leave a country
democracy – a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state
monarchy – a form of government with a monarch at the head
republic – a for of government in which the country is considered a "public matter", not the private concern or property of the rulers
Phrasal verbs:
to set out – to start a journey
to see off – to go to the place someone is leaving from in order to say goodbye
to sort out – to make arrangements for something to happen
to run away – to escape from a place, person or situation
to put up with – to tolerate with somebody

Idioms:
to cut a long story short – used when you only give the main point of something you are talking about, and not all the other details
to get out of hand – to become chaotic and unmanagable
it's all Greek to me – used when we cannot understand something we see or read
pardon my French – used before or after we say something rude
a Mexican standoff – used in a business situation when two sides cannot agree

1
Lets test your vocabulary.
Fill in the gaps with appropriate words/word combinations.
Start test
When setting _____ on a long walk, always wear suitable boots.
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The demonstration was __________, we had no other choice but to use police force.
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Thousands of illegal immigrants are caught and _______ every year.
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Having escaped from the USA, he resides in France as a political ________.
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This matter could be sorted ______ if they would just sit down and talk.
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He tried to explain the rules of the game to me, but it was ________ to me.
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They left the country out of fear of _______ due to their origin and religious beliefs.
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The rebels' ammunition is almost finished and it is only a matter of time before they ________.
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She wanted to be a doctor but, to _______________, she ended up as a pharmacist.
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I can't __________ your bad language, stop being so rude!
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Look through the words again, please.
Restart
Not bad!
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Nice:)
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Good)))
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Cool:)
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2
Watch the video about 10 best countries to live in the world in 2019.
3
Creative writing: use your active vocabulary when answering the questions (3-4 sentences), please.
1. Do you agree with this list? What is your own list of best countries to live in the world?

2. If you had an unlimited amount of money, what country would you like to live in and why?

3. What do you like the most and the least about your country?
Have you completed the lesson?
6.2 Culture
belief – the feeling of being certain that something exists or is true
ethics – moral principles that govern a person's behaviour or the conducting of an activity
civilization – the stage of human social and cultural development and organization that is considered most advanced
cultural specificity – something that distinguishes each culture from another one
diversity – socioeconomic and gender variety in a group or society
pluralism – the existence of groups with different ethic, religious or political backgrounds within one society
naturalism – the process by which an immigrant gains the rights of a natural-born citizen

nativism – a policy favoring the interests of established inhabitants over those imigrants
stereotype – a fixed general image that a lot of people believe in
globalization – the process by which businesses or other organizations develop international influence or start operating on an international scale
custom – a traditional and widely accepted way of behaving or doing something that is specific to a particular society
heritage – property that is or may be inherited; an inheritance
interpretation – the action of explaining the meaning of something
ceremony – a formal religious or public occasion, especially one celebrating a particular event
Phrasal verbs:
to set something up – to establish a new company, organization, system, way of working
to take after – to resemble an older member of a family
to come down with – to begin suffering from
to cut something off – to stop providing
to go without – to suffer lack or deprivation
Idioms:
to cross one's fingers – to hope for a good luck
to have mixed feelings – to feel uncertain about something
to draw a blank – to be unable to find something
culture vulture – a person with an excessive interest in arts
living hand to mouth – to live without a lot of money
1
Lets test your vocabulary.
Fill in the gaps with appropriate words/word combinations.
Start test
They have set _____ a fund for victims of the earthquake.
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I can't say that this movie is bad, but it's not a very good one either, I have ________ about it.
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There has always been a _______ about successful businessmen.
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She has always been amazed by the cultural _______ of the US society.
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A country's ________ is all the qualities, traditions and features of life that have been passed on from one generation to another.
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We can definitely say Eddie takes _____ his father, they look almost the same.
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After the economic crisis his family has been living ___________.
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A human society with its own social organization and culture is called _________.
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Having lived in poverty I know how it feels to ________ food for days.
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Despite taking medicine, Tom _________ with flu last weekend
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Look through the words again, please.
Restart
Not bad!
Restart
Nice:)
Restart
Good)))
Restart
Cool:)
Restart
2
Watch the video about some of the strangest customs around the world.
3
Creative writing: use your active vocabulary when answering the questions (3-4 sentences), please.
1. What are the most strange customs around the world you know?

2. Which Ukrainian customs are your favorite? What customs do you consider strange?

3. What is the role of customs in the cultural life of a country?
Have you completed the lesson?
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