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Unit 7
Religion
7.1 Stereotypes
discrimination – the practice of treating one person or group of people less fairly or less well than other people or groups
prejudice – a preconceived opinion that is not based on reason or actual experience
bias – inclination or prejudice for or against one person or group
assumption – something that you assume to be the case, even without proof
stereotype – a widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a particular type of person or thing
racism – prejudice, discrimination, or antagonism directed against someone of a different race based on the belief that one's own race is superior

antagonism – opposition of a conflicting force, tendency, or principle
classification – a category in a system which divides things into groups or types
xenophobia – dislike of or prejudice against people from other countries
gender profiling – the use of personal characteristics or behavior patterns to make generalizations about a person
racial profiling – the use of these characteristics to determine whether a person may be engaged in illegal activity
individual – a single human being as distinct from a group
offensive – causing displeasure or resentment
Phrasal verbs:
to break something down – to divide into smaller parts
to get around – to have mobility
to get away with something – to do something without being punished or noticed
to keep something from somebody – not tell someone about something
to let somebody down – to fail to support or help

Idioms:
to tar everyone with the same brush – to treat everyone the same way
to pigeon hole people – to label people
never judge a book by its cover – you shouldn't judge before you know something for sure
to break the mould – to be different from others
like peas in a pod – to be very similar to someone else

1
Lets test your vocabulary.
Fill in the gaps with appropriate words/word combinations.
Start test
I don't see any difference between these guys, they are ____________.
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My grandfather can ________ fine in his new wheelchair.
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Your statement was rather _______ to religious people, you need to apologize as soon as possible.
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In some societies people find it difficult to ________ due to regulations of their governments.
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I need you to be on time. Don't ____ me _____ this time.
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The use of these characteristics to determine whether a person may be engaged in illegal activity is known as ________.
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________ is dislike of or prejudice against people from other countries.
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We ______ our relationship _____ our parents for two years. It was our little secret.
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Never judge ___________, you never know what you may find inside.
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It's nothing more than your _______, you can't call it a fact unless you have some proof of it.
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Look through the words again, please.
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Not bad!
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Nice:)
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Good)))
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Cool:)
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2
Watch the video of a talk on racial profiling and stereotypes.
3
Creative writing: use your active vocabulary when answering the questions (3-4 sentences), please.
1. What are the most common stereotypes that exist in modern world?

2. Have you ever been offended by some stereotype? Tell about your experience.

3. In your opinion, where do the basic stereotypes come from?
Have you completed the lesson?
7.2 Vision
Atheist - a person who disbelieves or lacks belief in the existence of God or gods.

Supernatural - not existing in nature, not physical or material.

A cult - is group of people defined by a "religious" devotion to something — often a self-appointed leader.

Superstition - a belief that things such as magic or luck have the power to affect your life.

To pray - address requests to God or another deity.

To worship - the activity of showing respect and love for a god, for example by singing or praying.

A lucky charm - an object that is believed to bring its owner good luck.

A psychic - someone who is psychic has a mysterious power that lets them knowwhat other people are thinking, or what is going to happen to them.
A fortune-teller - someone who looks at your hand, a special set of cards etc in order to tell you what is going to happen to you in the future. This activity is called fortune-telling.

A haunted house / ghost house - is a house or other building often perceived as being inhabited by disembodied spirits of the dead people.

Reincarnation - the rebirth of a soul in another body.

Witchcraft - the practice of magic, especially for evil purposes
Omen-a sign of something (usually bad) is about to happen.

Prophecy - a prediction uttered under divine inspiration.

UFO (an unidentified flying object) - a strange object that flies through the sky that no one can recognize. Some people think UFOs are a sign of life on other planets.
Phrasal verbs:
To impose on - to force or inflict something on someone else. Often we religious beliefs on other people.

To have faith in - when you have faith, you trust or believe in something very strongly. Some people have faith in a higher beings.

Idioms:
knock on wood( touch wood) - a superstitious expression said to stop a confident statement from bringing bad luck

as luck would have it – an expression used to describe something useful that has happened by chance

scared out of one's wits – extremely frightened

to make someone's blood run cold – to horrify someone

ghost town – a deserted town

witch hunt – to campaign against/punish a person/group with unorthodox/unpopular/threatening views
1
Lets test your vocabulary.
Fill in the gaps with appropriate words/word combinations.
Start test
Every ___________ I've ever visited told me that I was supposed to get married to a rich handsome man in the nearest future.
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When Mary saw that huge dog running towards her she was ________________.
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John boasted that he might be promoted soon and _____________________-not to scare luck.
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I've been wearing this _______________since my childhood, so I believe it protects me from evil spirits and brings good luck.
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In the old times people called pagans ____________ trees,rocks, water and other natural phenomena.
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My grandma likes watching TV programmes about aliens coming from another planets and all types of ________________.
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Many cults are dangerous as they tend to __________________ beliefs on the recruited people aggressively.
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Many years ago Plymouth turned into a _______________ because the economic activity that supported it had failed.
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My brother has never believed in gods or supernatural powers that can't be presented in the physical world. He is a true ________________.
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Before the oncoming elections many politicians started investigations ,blackwashing their colleagues and uncovering their disloyalty. That was a real __________.
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Look through the words again, please.
Restart
Not bad!
Restart
Nice:)
Restart
Good)))
Restart
Cool:)
Restart
2
Watch the video.
3
Creative writing: use your active vocabulary when answering the questions (3-4 sentences), please.
1. Why do you think the example of Jonestown religious community in Gayana is called"ultimate" and "utopian"? How was community started and how did it end?

2. Are all existing cults religious? What other cults exist in the modern world?

3. Which brainwashing techniques do cult leaders use for recruiting and keeping the new members?
Have you completed the lesson?
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