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Unit 8
Dreams
8.1. Ambitions
objective (n) — a goal or purpose
accomplishment — (n) an achievement or feat
aspiration - (n) an ambition or objective
to chase ambitions/goals/plans - to try to pursue them
to stagnate - cease developing; become inactive or dull
to stretch your potential - to give you a chance to grow and develop
to strive for smth. - make great efforts to achieve or obtain something
fulfilling work - a work that is making someone satisfied or happy through allowing their character or abilities to develop fully
milestone (n) - a significant event or turing point
to set priorities - to focus one's attention, energy, or concern on that which is most and truly important, usually implying that one has not done so up to that point.
excruciating workweeks - very hard, exhausting
to advance up the corporate ladder - to get promoted
to demonstrate dedication to the company - to demonstrate loyalty
to have a detrimental effect - to have a very negative effect
downshifting - change of afinancially rewarding but stressful career or lifestyle for a less pressured and less highly paid but more fulfilling one.
Phrasal verbs:

To set up a business — to start a business

To run into extremes — to do something much more than is usual or reasonable

To work smth. out — to be the result of a calculation

To give up — to stop trying to do something before you have finished, usually because it is too difficult

To slow down — to be less active and relax more
Idioms:

To shoot for the moon — to set goals and ambitions which are impossibly high

To dream big — to strive for some very ambitious goals

The sky’s the limit — To say "the sky’s the limit" means that there is no limit to the possibility of success or progress for someone or something.

Make headway — If you make headway, you make progress in what you are trying to achieve

To shelve the plans — to put off plans for later

To be a crowning achievement — to be a top achievement, a pinnacle of one’s ambitions

bucket list — a list of the things that a person would like to do or achieve before they die. It originates from the term 'to kick the bucket', meaning'to die'
1
Lets test your vocabulary.
Fill in the gaps with appropriate words/word combinations.
Start test
Have you heard that Nick has decided to ___________ his own business of producing furniture?
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Coco Chanel was an ambitious woman who made her plans to have the best fashion industry production in Europe. She is the one who shot for _______________.
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If work very long hours, it will have a _______________ effect on your health sooner or later.
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In some societies people find it difficult to ________ due to regulations of their governments.
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I can't work _____ why this computer program isn't working properly.
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Opening a network of fast food restaurants became their ________ achievement.
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I don't believe in people giving their money to charity and starting a simple life in the woods. All this _______ thing is just a publicity stunt.
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At my current workplace I'm doing things that feel rewarding and the whole job is __________.
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John has got better salary now, as he's advanced _____ a corporate ladder.
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I've got some family problems now, so I had to ______ about launching a new project.
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Look through the words again, please.
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Not bad!
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Nice:)
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Good)))
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Cool:)
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2
Watch the video about our ambitions.
3
Creative writing: use your active vocabulary when answering the questions (3-4 sentences), please.
1. Do you agree with Tom Savage's statement that "Nowadays we aremore 'connected' than ever before, yet so disconnected from the world and the people around us?" To what extent is it true for you and your close people?

2.How do you balance between achievements and enjoinments?

3.The speaker used bucket twice. Why do you think people were laughing in both cases? Why does Tom tear a "bucket list" in the end of his speech? What does he want to demonstrate by that?
Have you completed the lesson?
8.2 Achievment
To prioritize — determine the order for dealing with (a series of items or tasks) according to their relative importance
to delegate — entrust (a task or responsibility) to another person, typically one who is less senior than oneself
time management — is the process of organizing and planning how to divide your time between specific activities
self-esteem -confidence in one's own worth or abilities; self-respect
self-improvement — the improvement of one's knowledge, status, or character by one's own efforts
to waste time -tospendtimeinvain
time-killers -a personal activity that helps time go by faster; used to prevent boredom
daily routine -a a day schedule
disciplined -showing a controlled form of behaviour or way of working
deadline -the latest time or date by which something should be completed
action plan -a proposed strategy or course of action
performance -how well a person, machine, etc. does a piece of work or an activity
to get bogged down (in.) -to be/become so involved in something difficult or complicated that you cannot do anything else
downtime — time when you relax and do not do very much
profound changes -serious changes
a multitasker — a person able to do more than one thing at a time
Phrasal verbs:

to shut oneself off distractions — to avoid something that might distract your attention from work

to drop out — to be expelled from educational establishment

to catch up with — not to fall behind the others
Idioms:

to start from scratch — to start from the beginning blood

sweat and tears — extremely hard work

eager beaver — a person who is very excited and who is ready to work very hard

go to great lengths - to try very hard, sometimes too much

fight tooth and nail — If you fight tooth and nail for something, you fight with all your energy.

1
Lets test your vocabulary.
Fill in the gaps with appropriate words/word combinations.
Start test
The new accountant works all the time – first to arrive and last to leave. He's a real eager ___________!
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Mr. Khan built up his company from _________and now employs more than 20 people
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Age affects the way people _________ their goals.
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She must _________ duties to her subordinates so as to free herself for more important tasks.
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The two parties went to great_________ to reach an agreement.
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The Transport Minister fought tooth and _________to have to have the proposed road safety law accepted.
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He was fired from his $165,000 job for poor __________.
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I've got so many jobs to accomplish today, I feel really ____________.
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We had a busy weekend so I'm planning to have some_________ tomorrow.
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Maria is able to type, discuss some matters and make her face up all at the same time. She is a true __________________.
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Look through the words again, please.
Restart
Not bad!
Restart
Nice:)
Restart
Good)))
Restart
Cool:)
Restart
2
Watch the video: What Is the Achievment Gap?
3
Creative writing: use your active vocabulary when answering the questions (3-4 sentences), please.
1. What is the "achievement gap" according to the video?

2. Enumerate 3-4 social factors that contribute to increasing the gap.

3.One of the teachers says"…you should never judge a student from zip code". What does she mean by that? Have you ever faced a prejudiced treatment in your life because of something?
Have you completed the lesson?
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