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Unit 10
Risk
10.1 Dangerous world
Risk-averse — describes people who don’t like risk;

risk-tolerant - describes people who don’t mind risk;

risk seekers — describes people who like risk and want risk;

to assess — to make a judgement or a decision based on information;

to put money away — to save money;

retirement — time of life when you are too old to work anymore
or you have enough money that you don’t need to work anymore;
Phrasal verbs:

To take up extreme sports — to start practicing something;

to take one’s breath away — to be extremely exciting;

to be addicted to — to like smth. immensely;

to keep you head down — to stay out of trouble.

Idioms:

Play with fire — to do something dangerous or risky.

Throw caution to the wind — to become very careless.

The coast is clear — there is no danger of being seen or of trouble happening.

Cry wolf — to ask for help when you do not need it, with the result that no one believes you when help is necessary.

Look before you leap — Think carefully about what you are about to do before you do it.
1
Lets test your vocabulary.
Fill in the gaps with appropriate words/word combinations.
Start test
You should study before exams, not party. Be careful, you're playing with __________ and you'll fail!
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You need to keep your head ____________, Paul. If they notice that you are late, you'll lose your job.
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I don't throw caution to the ________, I always think my decisionsover.
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Now that the killer has been arrested, the _______ is clear and people can go out without fear.
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She had cried _______ about someone trying to rob her that nobody believed her in the end.
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Before you decide to just leave your job, look before you ________.
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Don't spend all your earnings at once, put some money ______ for a rainy day.
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That paragliding experience was amazing. It took my breath __________.
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I would never try an extreme sport, I'm a ________________ person.
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Although her parents strongly objected it, Maria took ____ horse-riding when she was a teenager.
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Look through the words again, please.
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2
Watch the video: Why Are We Addicted to Extreme Sports?
3
Creative writing: use your active vocabulary when answering the questions (3-4 sentences), please.
1. What is BASE jumping? Why is it called so?

2.How do psychologists and medical men explain the fact that some people are more tended to risk than the others? Do you see any extra reasons here?

3. Have you ever done anything to experience the adrenaline rush? Are you planning anything for future?
Have you completed the lesson?
10.2 Difficult choices
To face a decision — to come to the point where you have to make a choice;

to have options — to have possible variants;

to feel suffocated — to feel some pressure over you;

to feel anxiety — to feel worried;

to contemplate over smth. — to think (esp. for a long time) over smth.;
consequences of decisions — the results of decision;

circumstances of decision-making — some background facts/factors that can influence your decision;

peer pressure — the pressure that you feel to do something because your friends want you to do it;

precaution — an action to avoid negative consequences.
Phrasal verbs:

To think over — to analyse carefully;

sleep on — wait until the next morning;

weigh up — think carefully about the pros and cons;

opt out — choose not to do sth that you planned;

think ahead — plan in advance.

Idioms:

In two minds — where you are not able to make up your mind and are unsure as to what you should do or choose;

stick to your guns — to be firm and stick to your decision about something despite criticism from other people;

sit on the fence — to stay neutral and not take sides (in an argument), be undecided;

take a back seat — not to participate in issue or situation, allow other people to have leading position;

up in arms — strongly protesting;

up in the air — no decision has been made yet;

to make a mountain out of a molehill — to exaggerate unimportant problems.
1
Lets test your vocabulary.
Fill in the gaps with appropriate words/word combinations.
Start test
John received an invitation to attend a party. It was on the same day as the football game he really did not want to miss. He was in ________ whether to accept the invitation or not.
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If you've thought things through and are comfortable with your decision, just stick to your _____________.
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No decision has been taken about where to build the new school, city council is still sitting on the _________.
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I took a ______________ and allowed my daughter to decorate the cake.
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I've always admired my boss, I've really looked ____ to him.
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It was_____________whether or not I would be going on this trip.
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I've been thinking far too much about this and _____________ out of a molehill.
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If you have a teenage child you should teach him how to resist ____________ if needed.
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The bungee jump was incredible. It took Dave's breath ______________.
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Before taking an important decision you should ________ it.
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Look through the words again, please.
Restart
Not bad!
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Nice:)
Restart
Good)))
Restart
Cool:)
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2
Watch the video about the Trolley Problem.

Imagine you're watching a runaway trolley barreling down the tracks, straight towards five workers. You happen to be standing next to a switch that will divert the trolley onto a second track. Here's the problem: that track has a worker on it, too — but just one. What do you do? Do you sacrifice one person to save five? Eleanor Nelsen details the ethical dilemma that is the trolley problem.

Lesson by Eleanor Nelsen, animation by Eoin Duffy.
3
Creative writing: use your active vocabulary when answering the questions (3-4 sentences), please.
  1. What you do in the case of runaway trolley? Of a person, standing in the bridge? What does your choice depend on?
  2. Have you ever faced an ethical problem or a difficult choice in your life? What was that?
  3. What do you think about "survival of the fittest" principle? Does it work out in the modern world as well?
Have you completed the lesson?
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