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Unit 1
Relations
1.1 Relations
Nuclear family — a family consisting of two parents and their children, but not including aunts, uncles, grandparents, etc;

extended family — family that includes grandmothers, grandfathers, aunts, and uncles, etc. in addition to parents and children;

spouse — somebody married to another person; husband or wife;

siblings describe brothers and sisters;

in-laws the members of the family of your spouse;

stepfather — your mother's husband (not your real father) stepmother — your father's wife (not your real mother) widow — a woman whose husband has died;
widower — a man whose wife has diedhalf-brother: the brother you have only one parent in common with;
half-sister: the sister you only have one parent in common with;

an orphan — someone whose parents have died;

to adopt a child — to take an orphan in your family officially;

breadwinner — is the person who financially provides for the family;

flesh and blood — person's close relative.
Phrasal verbs:

Bring sb up—look after a child until he or she becomes an adult;
Example: She brought up three sons on her own;

look after — take care of someone;

look up to — respect and admire someone;

take after  look or behave like an older relative;

settle down — begin to live a quieter life by getting married;

split up — end a marriage relationship;

go out (with sb) — spend time with somebody and have a romantic or sexual relationship with them.
Idioms:

He apple doesn't fall far from the tree — a child usually has similar qualities to their parents;

to follow in someone's footsteps — to try to achieve the same things that someone else (usually a family member) has already done;

to run in the family — many members of the family have that quality, skill, interest, problem, disease, etc;

spitting image — if someone is a spitting image of another family member, it means that those two people look almost identical;

to wear the pants — the person who wears the pants in a family is the person who hold the authority;

black sheep — someone who brings shame to their family by being different or doing something wrong.
1
Lets test your vocabulary.
Fill in the gaps with appropriate words/word combinations.
Start test
Kurt is the ______of the family. His parents wanted him to become a lawyer like his sister, but he decided to pursue a music career instead.
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I take ______ my father. We're both architects, and we both love soccer.
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I didn't see my father as much as I saw my mother. He was the ________of the family and worked long hours.
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Heart disease______ in my family. I try to have a healthy diet and get plenty of exercise.
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When are you going to get married and settle______?
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Her parents split _____ a few months ago.
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John ended up in prison just like his father. I guess ________doesn't fall far from the tree.
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I decided to go into law instead of medicine. I thought about following in my father's________ and becoming a surgeon, but I don't think I'd make a great doctor.
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My mom got married to John soon after my father died, and he made a great__________.
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Paul is a/an _________, his parents died in a car crash two years ago.
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Look through the words again, please.
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Not bad!
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Nice:)
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Good)))
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Cool:)
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2
Watch the video:
Life is short, family is forever: Jane Carlson at TEDxConejo 2012.
3
Creative writing: use your active vocabulary when answering the questions (3-4 sentences), please.
1. Do you agree that blood is thicker than water? Do you have any examples to support your opinion?

2. In your country, is the man usually the breadwinner? Is this changing?

3. Have you tried to accomplish the same things as your parents? Are you following in their footsteps? Why or why not?
Have you completed the lesson?
1.2 Life-turning points
Engagement — the period between deciding to marry and the wedding;

bride — the female partner in a wedding;

groom — the male partner in a wedding;

best man — the groom's main aide — It was difficult to choose a best man because the groom had so many friends;

maid of honour — the bride's main aide — The maid of honour did all the work for this wedding;

reception — the party following the wedding;

divorce — the legal ending of a marriage; end your marriage legally;

newlyweds — a couple who have recently married honeymoon — the holiday taken by the married couple after the wedding — They went to Thailand for their honeymoon;
funeral — is a ceremony to bury or cremate the dead. If you go to a funeral, wear black and try not to seem like you're having fun;

cemetery — is the land used for burials;

tomb — a place in the ground where coffin is put in;

to be expecting a baby
— =to be pregnant;

food cravings — food preferences and desires;

a baby shower
 — a gift-giving party, where an expectant or new mother is "showered" or given gifts for the baby;

labour — the process of childbirth from the start of contractions to delivery;

todeliver — to give a birth to the baby.
Phrasal verbs:

Break up with (someone) —to end a relationship with someone;

crazy about (someone or something) — to be very much in love with someone;

go out with (someone) — to go on a date with someone, to be dating someone;

have a crush on (someone) — to have strong feelings of love for someone (often for a short time and with no results);

hit it off (with someone) — to have a good relationship with someone from the first time that you meet that person — it can be used for any two people who meet and have a good relationship.
Idioms:

Match Made in Heaven — a couple who gets along perfectly and is made for one another;

Mr. (or Mrs.) Right — perfect person to marry;

head over heels in love with (someone) — to be very much in love with someone, to be completely in love with someone;

have a bun in the oven — to be pregnant;

pushing up the daisies/. to kick the bucket /six feet under = dead;

to have one foot in the grave — to be near death due to old age or illness.
1
Lets test your vocabulary.
Fill in the gaps with appropriate words/word combinations.
Start test
The man would like to go ______with his classmate.
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The man is head over _________in love with someone in his company.
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The_________ lasted for six hours, with food and dancing.
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The couple broke _______after dating for more than three years.
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I hit it ______ with a woman in my photography class and we have been dating for several months now.
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I asked my colleague Maria to be ______________ at my wedding.
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Paul has a _________ on Paulina but she doesn't notice him at all.
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I was invited to a beautiful reception and managed to catch the_______ bouquet in the end.
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I heard that they are not living together now, but I don't believe they got officially___________.
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I think Jhoanna is a dreamer, she's not dating anybody, waiting for her.
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Look through the words again, please.
Restart
Not bad!
Restart
Nice:)
Restart
Good)))
Restart
Cool:)
Restart
2
Watch the video: the Lift.
3
Creative writing: use your active vocabulary when answering the questions (3-4 sentences), please.
  1. What is the message of the video? Does this story teach you anything?
  2. Do you regret any life choices you made/ didn't make? Did you feel any moments of your life like "turning points"
  3. Do you know the cases when the decision which seemed like a failure first proved to be a right one later?
Have you completed the lesson?
Made on
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