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Unit 10
Inventions
10.1 Inventions
Breakthrough — discovery or achievement that comes after a lot of hard work;

creative — involving a lot of imagination and new ideas;

creativity — the ability to create new ideas or things using your imagination;

design — the process of deciding how something will be made, including how it will workand what it will look like;

patent — a form of legal protection that gives someone ownership;

development — a new product or method;

discovery — something that is found, or something new that is learned;

frankenstein’s monster — an invention that cannot be controlled by the person who created it, especially when it causes harm that was not intended;
innovation — a new idea, method, piece of equipment etc.;

innovation — the invention or use of new ideas, methods, equipment etc.;

innovative — inventing or using new ideas, methods, equipment etc.;

intellectual property — something that someone has created or invented and that no one else islegally allowed to make, copy, or sell;

invent — to design or create something such as a machine or process that did notexist before;

invention — a machine, tool, or system.
Idioms:

Necessity is the mother of invention — something that you say which means that if you want to do something very much you will think of a way to do it;

not-invented-here syndrome — a prejudicial belief that products, systems, software, etc.,

that were not developed within a company or organizationare not as suitable or well made as those that are created in-house;

if God did not exist, it would be necessary to invent Him Prov. People need a deity to worship;

make something up out of whole cloth — Fig. to fabricate a story or a lie;

reinvent the wheel — to discover how to do something that has already been discovered.
Phrasal idioms:

make smth. up invent, lie about stmh;

pass smth. up decline (usually smthgood);

put sb. down insult, make smb feel stupid;

show off act extra special for people watching (usually boastfully);

take smth. apart purposely break into pieces.
1
Lets test your vocabulary.
Fill in the gaps with appropriate words/word combinations.
Start test
The invention of wheel was a real ___________ in mechanics.
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In order to understand how the watch works my little child took it_______.
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When humanity needed something urgently,there was always a person who came with the idea/Thus, we can say________ is the mother of invention.
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Nuclear bomb turned out to be a dreadful_____________.
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Why do you think that buying foreign clothes you'll get stuff of better quality? Where did you get this" not-invented-here ________" from?
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Recording films during the cinema demonstration and downloading them in the internet is stealing of _______________.
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I can't work with my chief anymore, he's constantly trying to _____ me down before my colleagues.
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I hate people who are boastful and try to show________ their success in every way possible.
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We don't' need to work on this program, it already exists and works successfully. We'll be only reinventing ____________-.
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As soon as you get your machine working-be sure to get a ________for it, to make your property rights official and legal.
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Look through the words again, please.
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2
Watch the video.
3
Now watch the video again and do True/False test.
Fill in the gaps with appropriate words/word combinations.
Start test
The Empress of China had been trying to invent silk for a long time.
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The Chinese made the process of silk production highly secreted.
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Snake has a forked tongue to scare its victims.
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Gravity was explained by Einstein.
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The ocean water is salty because of hydrothermal vents.
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Look through the words again, please.
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Have you completed the lesson?
10.2
Technology
and science
Cyberspace — the online world of computer networks and especially the Internet;

hyperlink — text or an image located on a Web page or another document that is linked to a web page or other type of document;

virtual realty — a technology that allows one to experience and interact with images in a simulated three-dimensional environment;

hacker — a person who uses a computer to break into a remote computer system;

database — a collection of data, a filing system that is able to accept data;

gadget — a specialized mechanical or electronic device, usually small in size and sleek in nature;

cookie- is a small amount of data generated by a website and saved by your web browser. Its purpose is to remember information about you, similar to a preference file created by a software application;

emoticon
— facial expressions represented by keyboard characters. For example, the emoticon :-) represents a happy face and :-(represents a sad face;

digital native — a person born or brought up during the age of digital technology and so familiar with computers and the Internet from an early age;
a digital immigrant — an individual who was born before the widespread adoption of digital technology;

the Digital Divide--a social issue referring to the differing amount of information between those who have access to the Internet (specially broadband access) and those who do not have access;
Idioms:

Don’t push my buttons!

This can be said to someone who is starting to annoy you;
To unplug- - to disconnect; relax by disengaging from normal activities;
To hit the panic button;

Get your wires crossed

If people get their wires cross, they misunderstand each other, especially when making arrangements. ('Get your lines crossed' is also used.)

On the same wavelength

If people are on the same wavelength, they have the same ideas and opinions about something;

Press the right buttons

If you press, push or hit all the right buittons, you make someone react or respond in exactly the right way to get what you want;

Push the panic button

If someone pushes the panic button, they respond to a situation by becoming very frightened or excited.



1
Lets test your vocabulary.
Fill in the gaps with appropriate words/word combinations.
Start test
The digital tools that are reshaping our economy make more sense to young digital ___________than to members of older generations
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Some________ cracked into my bank account and stole the money.
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Due to ______________you could design a room in a house on your computer and actually feel that you are walking around in it even though it was never built.
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I was waiting for you near the hospital, and I didn't know that you had already left. It looks like we had our_________ crossed.
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Fortunately my colleagues share my values and interests, we are at the same_________________.
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My grandpa avoids using modern technologies like e-mail or the Internet.He is a real _________________.
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Susan has the talent for getting what she wants from people. Somehow she presses_______________.
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My teenage son is constantly craving for a new ______________.
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Young people are tended to use more__________ in their messaging then the elderly.
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In distant village schools with poor Internet connection the quality of education is worse because of this____________.
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Look through the words again, please.
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Not bad!
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Nice:)
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Good)))
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Cool:)
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2
Watch the video.
3
Creative writing.
  1. Do you belong to the generation of digital natives or digital immigrants?
  2. Have you ever personally experienced "digital devide" mentioned in the video?
  3. What modern gadgets or apps are you dreaming about?
  4. Are you learning any digital skills at the moment?
Have you completed the lesson?
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