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Unit 8
Food
8.1 Eating habits
Chop — to cut into pieces. The pieces don’t have to be the same size;

slice — to cut into very thin pieces. You often slice cheese and bread, but you can also slice meat;

grate — when you take something solid and turn it into tiny pieces. You need to use a metal tool for this, called a grater;

peel — to remove the outer layer from food;

boil — to heat up water until it reaches 100 °C or 212°F;

fry — to heat something on the stove using oil or butter;

simmer — to cook something slowly on a very low heat;

roast — to cook meat slowly over a fire or in the oven;

bake — to cook something in the oven, such as bread, cookies or a cake;

mix — to combine two or more ingredients;

marinade — when you put meat or fish in a special sauce with lemon, oil or spices before cooking it;

stir
 — when you use a spoon to mix something slowly;

dress — when you prepare food for eating by adding salt, pepper, herbs, some sauce, etc.
(For example, when you put olive oil and vinegar on a salad.);

serve — when you put food on the plate.
Other useful words related to cooking:

Dressing (or salad dressing) — a mixture of liquids that is added to a salad to make it tastier. It can include ingredients such as olive oil, vinegar, salt, and pepper;

tasty
, appetizing or mouth-watering — synonyms for delicious;

savory — foods are divided into two categories. Desserts are sweet, and foods that aren’t sweet are called "savory.";

raw — food that isn’t cooked, such as sushi or uncooked carrots;

well-done — when meat has been cooked a lot. It’s not red on the inside, but brown;

burned — when something has been cooked too much. When food is burned, it becomes unhealthy. (You can recognize it by its brown or black color.);

peckish — when you are a little bit hungry;

starving — when you are extremely hungry.
Idioms:

A lemon - a lemon is something that you buy which turns out to have problems — it is defective / it doesn't work well;
'That second-hand car I bought was a real lemon. It broke down a week after I bought it.'

a piece of cake - when something is a piece of cake it is very easy to do;
'I was worried about taking the test, but it was a piece of cake. I got 100%.'

bread and butter
- things which are bread and butter are the basic things you need to survive e.g. food and shelter;

bring home the bacon - like the idiom above, this also means to earn money to live;

cheap as chips — when something is as cheap as chips it is very cheap.
1
Lets test your vocabulary.
Fill in the gaps with appropriate words/word combinations.
Start test
It wasn't difficult. It was a piece of ___.
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You need to start bringing home the ___.
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They talked about the bread and ___ issues.
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'I didn't pay much for these shoes. In fact, they were as cheap as _______.
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You should be careful when ordering sushi with ______ fish,it's better to take something roasted or grilled.
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And finally we need to _____________some cheese over pizza.
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When you _________-meat or fish in a special sauce with lemon, oil or spices before cooking it you get a tender dish.
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I slipped over on the banana _______________
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I'm dying of hunger, just _____________.
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I don't like sweet pies; I'd better take something_________ with fish or meat stuff.
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Look through the words again, please.
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Not bad!
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Nice:)
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Good)))
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Cool:)
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2
Watch the video.
3
Creative writing: use your active vocabulary when answering the questions (3-4 sentences), please.
1. What do you think about British food? In your country, do people like eating food from other countries?

2. What food in the video have you tried? What was the most unusual food you’ve ever tried in your life?

3. What would you like to try?

Have you completed the lesson?
8.2 Eating out
A la carte - without a side dish. (adjective);

all you can eat — customers pay one fee and can eat as much as they wish. (adjective);

appetizer — a small snack before a meal; starter. (noun);

bill — a statement of charges for food or drink. (noun);

booking — an arrangement made with a restaurant in advance, to eat there at a particular time. (noun);

booster seat — a plastic unit that fits on top of a chair to help small children reach the table. (noun);

buffet — self-serve tables of food that are set out for the customers to pick and choose from. (noun);

canteen — a small cafeteria or snack bar, usually in a workplace. (noun);

cocktail — an alcoholic drink mixed with juice. (noun);

complementary — free of charge. (adjective);

combo meal — a meal as a set combination, such as a burger with fries and a drink. (noun);

course — a part of a meal. (noun);

cutlery — tools for eating with (fork, knife, spoon). (noun);

dessert — sweet food eaten after the main part of a meal. (noun);

dine — 1) To eat dinner. (verb)
2) To have the main meal of the day. (verb);

dish — food that is prepared in a particular way. (noun);

doggie bag — unfinished food that is packed up for the customer to take home. (noun);

double — two shots (ounces) of alcohol in one drink. (adjective);
fast food — food that is quick and inexpensive. (noun);

fine dining — a style of eating that usually takes place in expensive restaurants. (adjective);

happy hour — a short amount of time when alcoholic drinks are at a reduced price. (noun);

host/Hostess — a staff member in charge of greeting and seating customers in a restaurant. (noun);

main course — the largest part of a meal, usually consists of a meat, vegetable and a starch. (noun);

napkin — a cloth or folded piece of soft paper that is used to mop up spilt food. (noun);

order: 1) To ask for something (food) to be made. (verb)
2) A request to make, supply, or deliver food. (noun);

overdone — food that is cooked too long but can still be eaten. (adjective);

reservation — a request to have a table saved for a certain amount of people. (noun);

restroom — a place for people to use a toilet and wash hands. (noun);

meal — a starter and a dessert) for a set price. (noun);

side dish — a small portion of food, typically bread, salad, or vegetable in sauce, that you eat with a main meal. (noun);

specials — Items that are prepared particularly for a certain day and are usually at a reduced price. (noun);

specialty — food item that a restaurant is popular for. (noun);

starter — a small portion of food served as the first course of the meal. (noun);

take-out/take-away — a food that is packed up and eaten at home. (noun);

tip — a small sum of money often given to restaurant staff for good service. (noun);

waiter/waitress — a man/woman who serves food or drinks to people in a restaurant. (noun).
Phrasal verbs:

Hang out spend time relaxing (informal);

go out withsby date;

show off act extra special for people watching (usually boastfully);

take sthg out remove from a place or thing;

try sthg out test.
Idioms:

Cry over spilt milk

When we cry over spilt milk we are upset, sad or complaining over something bad that happened in the past. It is usually used in this phrase: 'There's no use crying over spilt milk.'

Cup of tea

This expression is used in the negative: 'It's not my cup of tea'. It means something is not to your interests or tastes. Basically, you don't like it.
'Rap music is not my cup of tea; I prefer rock.'

Finger in every pie

When someone has a finger in every pie they are involved in many activities and have a lot of influence or power. It usually has a negative meaning.

Have one's own cake and eat it

To want more than someone can handle or deserves; to try to have two incompatible things: you can not eat the cake and still have it.

Take with a pinch of salt

To take something with a pinch of salt means that you should not completely believe what you are told. Someone is telling you something which may not be true or it is exaggerated.
'Take everything you read in that newspaper with a pinch of salt.'

1
Lets test your vocabulary.
Fill in the gaps with appropriate words/word combinations.
Start test
That guy has a finger in every ___.
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It's no use crying over spilt ___
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Hiking is not my cup of ___.
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Take what he said with a pinch of ___
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She doesn't want to work hard, but she wants a pay rise. You can't have your ____________and eat it!
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We were given a ________ for unfinished food that was packed up for the customers to take home.
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I dropped a piece of cake on my laps, could you give me a__________ to clean it off.
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We asked the waiter to bring us grilled salmon with vegetables, that was a __________the restaurant was popular for.
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Food that is packed up and eaten at home.
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Food that is cooked too long but can still be eaten.
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Look through the words again, please.
Restart
Not bad!
Restart
Nice:)
Restart
Good)))
Restart
Cool:)
Restart
2
Watch the video.
3
Creative writing: Use one of the words or phrases below to complete each of these sentences from news reports.
Note that you may have to change the form of a word to complete the sentence correctly.

eatery / stir-fry / a hit / hi-tech / commonplace

  1. Conversely, tobacco advertising, which was once ___________, has now disappeared from public view following a government ban.
  2. But, how does a rich country remain integral to a cost-competitive global production chain? The answer is by producing at the high end: half of its exports are ___________ goods.
  3. The top US diplomat made a surprise call at the 12-seater ___________ after talks with President Park Geun-hye in South Korea's capital. Since then, the restaurant has been crowded with customers, the owner says.
  4. A landmark attraction in a Teesside seaside town has proved a "real ___________ with the public", the council has said.
  5. By signing up to Change4Life online, families will receive a compilation of healthy recipes including turkey ___________ and vegetarian chilli, with ideas for daily menus.
Have you completed the lesson?
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