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Unit 9
Work
9.1 Work
Employee — a person who works for another person or for a company for wages or a salary;

employer — a person or company that has people who do work for wages or a salary: a person or company that has employees;

worker — a person who does a particular job to earn money;

apprentice — a person who learns a job or skill by working for a fixed period of time for someone who is very good at that job or skill;

trainee — a person who is being trained for a job;

intern — a student or recent graduate who works for a period of time at a job in order to get experience;

full-time job — working the full number of hours considered normal or standard. Normally 8.;

part-time job — working or involving fewer hours than is considered normal or standard;

shifts — the scheduled period of time during which a person works. Overtime — time spent working at your job that is in addition to your normal working hours;
flexitime — a system in which employees are required to work a certain number of hours but are allowed to choose their own times for starting and finishing work;

occupation — the work that a person does: a person’s job or profession. Profession — a type of job that requires special education, training, or skill;

to get a raise
 — to receive an increase in the amount of your pay. Promotion — the act of promoting or something: such as a: the act of moving someone to a higher or more important position or rank in an organization;

maternity leave — not going to work for a specific period of time since you have just given birth;

salary — an amount of money that an employee is paid each year.
Phrasal verbs:

Work something out — find a solution to a problem;

carry out + work — work was started and completed;

get down to + work — start work;

take on + work — accept work;

set someone to + work — to make someone start the working process.

Idioms:

Work your fingers to the bone — work very hard;

work for peanuts — work for very little money;

a dead end job — a job that has no chance of promotion or advancement;

to be fired-To be dismissed from your job;

to be snowed under- to be very busy, to have much work to do.

1
Lets test your vocabulary.
Fill in the gaps with appropriate words/word combinations.
Start test
We threw a big party for my father when he __________ after 35 years in the company.
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After six months looking for a job, she was finally ________ by the country's biggest TV station.
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Don't worry, it will all work________.
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The building work was ______________- in the last 100 years.
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My father was a workaholic- he always _____________ too much work.
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I am sick of _____________-! I need a salary raise.
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She wasn't able to finish the report as she was _____________under with other work.
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Pamela took a _____________, she's not going to work for half a year since she has just given birth to a baby.
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Last month I stayed at the office two –three hours longer than scheduled. Hopefully I'll get a nice bonus for working ___________-
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I worked ______________to give my children a good life.
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Look through the words again, please.
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Not bad!
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Nice:)
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Good)))
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Cool:)
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2
Watch the video.
3
Creative writing: use your active vocabulary when answering the questions (3-4 sentences), please.
1. What is the difference between a goal and a task according to Jinni?

2. What steps does she recommend to take to make the set tasks easily achievable?

3. How good are you at time-management? Do yo always meet your deadlines? Do you write daily/weekly "to-do lists" or you manage to keep all the tasks in your head?

Have you completed the lesson?
9.2 Job interview
Application — a verbal or written request for assistance or employment or admission to a school;

apply — to submit an application for a job;

co-Worker — a fellow worker; associate;

employ — the state of being employed or having a job;

employment — the occupation for which you are paid;

experience — the accumulation of knowledge or skill that results from direct participation in events or activities;

field — a particular kind of commercial enterprise;

improve — to make better;

organization — a group of people who work together;

qualification — an attribute that must be met or complied with and that fits a person for something;

success — an event that accomplishes its intended purpose;

resume — a summary of your academic and work history;

interview — a conference (usually with someone important);

proficiency — knowledge and skill;

skills — proficiency acquired through training or experience;

Strengths — skills that you are good at, or qualities that you have
weakness — a flaw or weak point;

goals — things you want to accomplish;

team — A group of people working together;

hobbies — an activity done for pleasure in one's spare time;

salary — the money paid for employee services;

leader — a person who rules or guides or inspires others;

problem-solver — someone who solves problems;

profession — an occupation requiring special education (especially in the liberal arts or sciences);

excel — to do well; to be better or greater than others;

practiced — having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitude;

aptitude — a natural talent or ability; quickness in learning;

versatile — (used of persons) having many skills.
Idioms:

To balance the books — to make certain that the amount of money spent is not more than the amount of money received;

A cash cow —  a product or service that makes a lot of money for a company;

To cold call — to call potential customers without an appointment or previous contact.
1
Lets test your vocabulary.
Fill in the gaps with appropriate words/word combinations.
Start test
The new product has proved to be a real ____________.
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The accountant couldn't work out the profit and loss until they had balanced the__________.
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During the interview I naturally tried concentrate upon my strengths and to talk less about my flaws and ___________________
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I think after so many years of practice Jennais an expert in her ______ Field
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The knowledge you've got from university is not enough, you should constantly learn something new and __________in your field.
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Nick is a very___________ person. Although he is a graphic designer, he knows two foreign languages and can repair cars.
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Mary made the right choice when she entered the linguistic university. She has a natural___________- for languages.
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As soon as students graduate the universities, most of them immediately try to ____________-for their first jobs.
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I applied for the sales managers' position, but during the job interview it turned out that didn't have the needed____________.
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First of all you should set your _____________and then do your best to achieve them.
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Look through the words again, please.
Restart
Not bad!
Restart
Nice:)
Restart
Good)))
Restart
Cool:)
Restart
2
Watch the video.
3
Creative writing:
  1. What kind of information is the interviewer expecting when he says"tell me about yourself"?
  2. How would you answer "your strengths and weaknesses " question if you were passing the interview?
  3. Have you ever thought about the point" where do you see yourself 5/10 years from now?"/What would be in your answer?
Have you completed the lesson?
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